SKU

Subtype of Product A product in the market with a specific format / end market packaging /… is called a SKU. There can be many SKUs that refer to the same product.

Knowledge graph

“A knowledge graph (KG) is a knowledge base that deploys a graph-structured data model to integrate data from various diverse sources. KGs are often used to store (highly) interlinked descriptions of entities – objects, events, situations or abstract concepts – while also encoding the underlying semantics.”

Data validation

Data validation is intended to provide certain well-defined guarantees for fitness, accuracy, and consistency for various kinds of user input into an application or automated system. Data validation rules can be defined and designed using various methodologies, and data validation can be deployed in various contexts.

Data acquisition

Data acquisition is the process of sampling signals that measure real world physical conditions. The resulting samples are converted into digital numeric values that can be manipulated by a computer.

Data aggregation

Data aggregation is the compiling of information from several databases with intent to prepare combined datasets for data processing.

Recipe generator

A type of non-personal recommender where an input is transformed into a recipe. E.g. Alpro smoothie generator, cocktail generator.

Variety

The rise of information coming from new sources both inside and outside the walls of the enterprise or organization creates integration, management, governance, and architectural pressures on IT.

Velocity

The rise of information coming from new sources both inside and outside the walls of the enterprise or organization creates integration, management, governance, and architectural pressures on IT.

Volume

How fast data is produced and changed and the speed with which data must be received, understood, and processed.

Implicit user data collection

Implicit user data collection happens when any kind of data is collected by studying the user’sbehavior. Which recommendation did the user click, did they browse further down that path or not, and so on. Users are not slowed down by this.

Explicit user data collection

Explicit user data collection happens when a user gives their info explicitly, via rating a

product, filling out a survey or filling out basic profile info. A website could let the user fill

in a basic survey, but users don’t like to fill in lists before using the application, so this

may have a disadvantageous effect on the UX.

Content-based filtering (recommender)

Content-based filtering approaches utilize a series of discrete characteristics of an item to recommend additional items with similar properties.